from Henry VIII to the Glorious Revolution

1558: Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England

1587: Execution of Mary Stuart

1588: Defeat of the "invincible" Spanish Armada

1603: Accession of James I

1605: The Gunpowder Plot, organized by the Catholics against James I

1616: Death of Shakespeare

1620: The Mayflower Puritans found a colony in Massachusetts

1625: Accession of Charles I

1642: Outbreak of civil war

1649: Execution of Charles I

1653: Olivier Cromwell becomes Lord Protector

1660: Restoration of the monarchy

1665: The Great Plague in London

1666: The Great Fire of London

1679: Signature of the Habeas Corpus Act

1687: The Declaration of Indulgence guarantees freedom of worship

1689: The Glorious Revolution and accession of Mary and William II