1790 - 1848


In France
1799 – 1904 Consulate

1804 – 1814 First Empire under Napoleon I
1814 – 1830 Bourbon rule
1830 – 1848 Orléans rule

In the United States
1790 – 1820 Early Republic
1820 – 1850 Antebellum Era

Significant Dates

1802 The American Academy of the Fine Arts is founded in 1802 in New York by Mayor Edward Livingston (1764–1836).

1805 The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts is founded in 1805 in Philadelphia by painter Charles Willson Peale (1741–1827) and sculptor William Rush (1756–1833).

1825 A group of artists led by the painter Samuel F. B. Morse establish the National Academy of Design.

1846 King Louis-Philippe commissions series of paintings from two American artists, George Peter Alexander Healy and George Catlin.

Significant artworks

In France
Jacques-Louis David, Napoléon Crossing the Alps, 1801
Antoine-Jean Gros, Napoléon in the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804
Théodore Géricault, The Raft of the Medusa, 1818-19
Eugène Delacroix, The Death of Sardanopolus, 1827
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Louis-François Bertin, 1832

In the United States (Base Lafayette)
John Burt, Silver Mug, early 18th century
Gilbert Stuart, Portrait of Mrs. James Arden, 1794
School of Duncan Phyfe, “Gate-leg” table in mahogany, early 19th century
John James Audubon, Mockingbird, Mimic of North America, early 19th century
Thomas Cole, The Cross in the Wilderness, circa 1830-1848
George Peter Alexander Healy, George Peter Alexander George Washington, first president of the United States, 1846
George Catlin, Portrait de Shonta-ye-ga (Little Wolf), 1846