1848 – 1918


In France
1848-1852 Second Republic under Louis Napoleon, later Napoleon III
1852-1870 Second Empire under Napoleon III
1870-1940 Third Republic

In the United States
1850 – 1877 Civil War and Reconstruction

Significant Dates

1863 The Salon des Refusés is established to exhibit works that have been rejected by the jury for the official Paris Salon

1870 The Metropolitan Museum of Art is founded in New York. The Museum of Fine Arts is founded in Boston.

1874 The first of eight exhibitions of Impressionist painting is held in Paris.

1879First purchase of an American painting by the French state – Henry Gustave Mosler’s La Rétour.

1886 The Statue of Liberty is dedicated to commemorate the friendship between the United States and France. Sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi (1834–1904) and engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832–1923) collaborate on the monument.

1889 The Exposition Universelle is held in Paris as a centennial celebration of the French Revolution. For the first time, it contains an exhibit devoted to the works of American artists.

1890 Claude Monet purchases a house in Giverny, inspiring other Impressionist artists to form an artists’ colony there.

1889 Second purchase of an American painting by the French state - Walter Gay’s La Bénédicité.

1892 Léonce Bénédite, supporter of American art, becomes the curator of the Musée de Luxembourg.

1907 The first exhibition of Cubist paintings is held in Paris.

Significant artworks

In France
Gustave Courbet, The Painter’s Studio, 1855
Edouard Manet, Luncheon on the Grass, 1863
Honoré Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage, 1864
Claude Monet, Impression: Sunrise, 1872
Auguste Rodin, The Burghers of Calais, 1884 - 89
Vincent Van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889
Hector Guimard, stations of the Paris Métro, 1900

In the United States (Base Lafayette) John Singer Sargent, Judith Gautier, 1883
Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Amor Caritas, 1885
Louis Comfort Tiffany, Green and blue vase in the form of an onion, 1893
Mary Cassatt, Mother and child against a green background, 1897
Edwin Lord Weeks, The Princess of Bengal, 1899
Walter Gay, Blue and White, circa 1900
Frank Lloyd Wright, Window, 1904
Julius Leblanc Stewart, Redemption, 1905
Henry Ossawa Tanner, The Supper at Emmaus, 1905
Romaine Brooks, Weeping Venus, 1917